NAACP Founded Feb12


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NAACP Founded

1793 – Congress passed the first Fugitive Slave Law. The law allowed that in order to reclaim an escaped slave, a master need only to go before a magistrate and provide oral or written proof of ownership. The magistrate would then issue an order for the arrest of the slave. The law passed by a vote of 48-7 with 14 members abstaining. Most Northern states refused to enforce the law.


1869 – Issac Burns Murphy dies in Lexington, Kentucky. Murphy won three Kentucky Derbies and is one of the few Black jockeys in the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. the Isaac Murphy Award is presented to the jockey with the highest winning percentage for the year in North American racing.

1909 – The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) was founded after a riot that took place in Springfield, Illinois. The founding members included W. E. B. Du Bois and Ida B. Wells. The Springfield race riot occurred over the course of three days (August 14 – 16, 1908) in which groups of African-Americans were attacked by a group of about 5,000 whites in response to the alleged rape and murder of two white women and one of their father’s.When the mob couldn’t get its hands on the suspects, they went on a rampage through the Black community. Nine Blacks and seven whites were killed in the violence.

[wp_ad_camp_2]1930 – The Rosenwald Fund made grants to the Alabama State Board of Health to treat African-Americans suffering from syphilis. The find ended its involvement in 1932 because the state failed to match its funding. Eventually the Federal government took over the funding and changed the focus of the program, eventually evolving into what became known as the Tuskegee Experiment.
1934 – William “Bill” Felton Russell was born in West Monroe, Louisiana. Russell was a Hall of Fame professional basketball player and was the first Black coach in the National Basketball Association. Russell eleven NBA championships during his thirteen-year career.
2008 – Composer and pianist James Herbert “Eubie” Blake dies in New York City.  Blake was 96 years old and said “If I’d known I was going to live this long, I would have taken better care of myself.”