Morehouse College Organized
1817 – Frederick Douglass born in Talbot County, Maryland. Douglas escaped from slavery to become a national leader of the abolitionist movement in Massachusetts and New York and became known as a great orator and social reformer. He met with President Lincoln in 1963 to discuss treatment of Black soldiers during the Civil War and was later nominated as the first Black Vice Presidential candidate in 1972. Douglas once said “I would unite with anybody to do right and with nobody to do wrong.”
1867 – Morehouse College Organized in Augusta, Georgia. Morehouse, a private, all-male, liberal arts, historically black college founded to educate African American men in theology and education. The school moved to Atlanta, Georgia, in 1879. Founded by William Jefferson White, Morehouse was the largest men’s college in the United States during the 1950’s and 1960’s.
1935 – National Negro Congress organized. F
ormed at Howard University, the organization had a goal of fighting for Black liberation. During the Great Depression, the party worked in the United States to unite black and white workers and intellectuals in the fight for racial justice.
1946 – Dancer and actor Gregory Hines was born in New York City. Hines began dancing with is brother Maurice and later became one of the most admired entertainers of his era, winning both a Tony award in 1992 and an Emmy in 2003. Hines died of liver cancer on August 9, 2003, and was honored by the US Postal Service with a commemorative postage stamp in 2019.
1965 – Malcolm X’s house was bombed
in East Elmhurst, Queens. Malcolm, his wife, Betty, 37, and their four daughters fled to safety at 2:35 A.M. from their home on 97th St. A Molotov cocktail was thrown through a living room window and another thrown which hit the back of the house. Malcolm was assassinated six days later at Manhattan’s Audubon Ballroom, suffering from 21 gunshot wounds.