1793 – Congress passed the first Fugitive Slave Law. The law allowed that in order to reclaim an escaped slave, a master need only to go before a magistrate and provide oral or written proof of ownership. The magistrate would then issue an order for the arrest of the slave. The law passed by a vote of 48-7 with 14 members abstaining. Most Northern states refused to enforce the law.
1869 – Issac Burns Murphy dies in Lexington, Kentucky. Murphy won three Kentucky Derbies and is one of the few Black jockeys in the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. the Isaac Murphy Award is presented to the jockey with the highest winning percentage for the year in North American racing.
1909 – The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) was founded after a riot that took place in Springfield, Illinois. The founding members included W. E. B. Du Bois and Ida B. Wells. The Springfield race riot occurred over the course of three days (August 14 – 16, 1908) in which groups of African-Americans were attacked by a group of about 5,000 whites in response to the alleged rape and murder of two white women and one of their father’s.When the mob couldn’t get its hands on the suspects, they went on a rampage through the Black community. Nine Blacks and seven whites were killed in the violence.